11 Ways to Spark Preschoolers’ Math and Social Skills!

Developing foundational number skills and an understanding of mathematical concepts begins in early childhood. Preschool is an optimal time for children to engage in hands-on math learning activities that make numbers, shapes, patterns, and problem-solving enjoyable.

Incorporating math into daily preschool activities and lessons provides a strong basis for math success as children progress through elementary school. Just as importantly, preschool math activities that involve peer collaboration allow young children to learn from each other while developing essential social-emotional skills.

Working together on math activities allows preschoolers to develop essential collaborative and social skills while exploring mathematical concepts. When children partner up or work in small groups on math games, experiments, and hands-on learning, they learn how to share materials instead of fighting over them. Taking turns is an important lesson, whether they alternate rolling a die or operating a measuring tool. Communicating effectively is also a skill preschoolers can practice during peer math activities as they explain their thinking, agree on strategies, and describe observations.

Having a partner or teammates for math problems encourages preschoolers to exchange mathematical ideas and methods. When children describe their problem-solving approach step-by-step to a peer, it strengthens their understanding. Hearing or understanding different strategies from classmates also expands their mathematical thinking. For example, if one child counts out loud using their fingers while another child moves objects into rows to count, they learn from each other. Working collaboratively on math activities creates a meaningful context for preschoolers to engage in mathematical thinking and peer learning. It teaches them to value others’ perspectives in solving all the problems creatively. Whether building numbered block towers or playing shape bingo, preschoolers develop essential math knowledge while practicing relationship-building skills.

Here are 11 fun ideas for preschool math activities that promote early math skills as well as social interaction and teamwork:

1. Shape sorting containers 

Gather different colored and shaped blocks, beads, cubes, and other manipulatives. Have children sort items by color, shape, or size. This encourages geometric thinking, classification, and discussion.

2. Simple pattern blocks 

Provide colored pattern blocks and have preschoolers collaborate to copy or extend patterns shown on pattern cards. Ask them to describe what comes next. Patterning involves logical thinking skills.

3. Measuring classroom objects 

Equip preschoolers with rulers, yardsticks, and measuring tapes to practice measuring the lengths and heights of classroom furniture, toys, books, and other items. Have them compare and discuss size.

4. Counting collections 

Children can gather collections of items like rocks, sticks, plastic animals, and buttons and practice counting the objects. Working with a partner lets them explain their counting strategies.

5. Math games and puzzles 

Provide games that involve numbers, shapes, patterns, or logical thinking. Puzzles and games allow for turn-taking and mathematical discussion as children work together towards a goal.

6. Nature math hunts 

Head outside together and let children collect natural objects like flowers, acorns, pinecones, leaves, etc. Have them sort, count, and compare their findings back in the classroom.

7. Simple cooking recipes 

Follow easy recipes together that involve measuring ingredients, counting spoonfuls, and discovering fractions. As children take turns adding ingredients, introduce math vocabulary.

8. Block building 

Supply blocks of different sizes and shapes for open-ended building together. Encourage preschoolers to identify shapes, patterns, sizes, and quantities as they collaboratively create structures.

9. Number hopscotch 

Use masking tape to create a hopscotch board with numbers. Children take turns tossing a marker onto the board and hopping along the spaces, identifying numbers they land on.

10. Math art projects 

Incorporate shapes, patterns, symmetry, and numbers into arts and crafts. Preschoolers can work together to replicate mathematical designs or create their own.

11. Number line ups 

Have children line up side by side and assign each child a number in sequence. Then practice skip counting by calling out different intervals. Stress teamwork and listening skills.


When math activities involve peer interaction, they help preschoolers develop social skills and reinforce early math learning in an applied, engaging way. Hands-on collaborative math activities lay the foundation for more formal math instruction children will receive in kindergarten and beyond. 

i-Maths uses interactive games and tools to build strong math skills for preschool to primary grades in a fun, immersive way for comprehensive learning. Enroll your child in i-Maths and let them learn through play!

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